Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle and length of boundary walling 860m south west of Venford Reservoir dam

A Scheduled Monument in Holne, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5188 / 50°31'7"N

Longitude: -3.8597 / 3°51'34"W

OS Eastings: 268256.408084

OS Northings: 70426.769477

OS Grid: SX682704

Mapcode National: GBR QB.2Q8L

Mapcode Global: FRA 27TP.D4T

Entry Name: Stone hut circle and length of boundary walling 860m south west of Venford Reservoir dam

Scheduled Date: 18 September 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020094

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22372

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Holne

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Holne St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes a stone hut circle and a length of boundary walling
situated on a gentle north east facing slope on Holne Moor, overlooking
Venford Reservoir. The stone hut circle survives as an earthwork bank
surrounding a circular internal area measuring 4m in diameter. The surrounding
wall measures 1m wide and stands up to 0.7m high. Leading north from the stone
hut circle is a length of rubble walling measuring 1.3m wide and 0.6m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle and length of boundary walling 860m south west of
Venford Reservoir dam survive well and contain environmental and
archaeological information relating to the use and occupation of the monument.
The settlement forms part of a group lying close to the substantial Dartmeet
coaxial field system and will therefore provide contrasting evidence to that
available from the settlements more directly associated with the fields.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The North' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, , Vol. 4, (1993), 129

Source: Historic England

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