Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 250m north east of Oak Cottage, forming part of a round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Ashwater, Devon

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Latitude: 50.7701 / 50°46'12"N

Longitude: -4.2877 / 4°17'15"W

OS Eastings: 238781.085662

OS Northings: 99221.255738

OS Grid: SX387992

Mapcode National: GBR NP.0VW9

Mapcode Global: FRA 17X1.MDZ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 250m north east of Oak Cottage, forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 11 February 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020079

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34268

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Ashwater

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ashwater St Peter ad Vincula

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on an upland ridge overlooking
the valley of a tributary to Dury Water and forming part of a round barrow
cemetery. Seven other barrows which make up the cemetery lie to the south and
south west and are the subject of separate schedulings.
The monument includes an oval mound which measures 23.8m north east to
south west by 18.2m north west to south east and is up to 0.3m high. The
surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was
derived is preserved as a buried feature measuring approximately 3m in width.
On the north western side the mound has been partly cut by a field boundary;
the boundary itself marks the north western extent of the monument and is not
included in the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in its height through cultivation, the bowl barrow 250m
north east of Oak Cottage, which forms part of the round barrow cemetery,
remains an integral part of the larger group and will contain both
archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its
surrounding landscape.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow, with over 10,000
examples recorded nationally. They were constructed as earthen or rubble
mounds each covering single or multiple burials.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX39NE11, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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