Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 250m south east of High Wath Ford

A Scheduled Monument in Caldbeck, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.7042 / 54°42'15"N

Longitude: -3.0084 / 3°0'30"W

OS Eastings: 335119.584421

OS Northings: 534821.411289

OS Grid: NY351348

Mapcode National: GBR 7GF1.HG

Mapcode Global: WH810.R1N0

Entry Name: Round cairn 250m south east of High Wath Ford

Scheduled Date: 20 July 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020046

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34960

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Caldbeck

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Caldbeck St Mungo

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument includes a prehistoric round cairn located on a localised high
point on unenclosed land 250m south east of High Wath Ford. It consists of an
oval-shaped turf and bracken-covered mound of stones which has spread downhill
to the north slightly, possibly as a result of unrecorded investigation in the
past. The cairn measures 20m north-south by 12m east-west and up to 1.1m high
on its northern side.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite past disturbance to the monument's summit, the round cairn 250m south
east of High Wath Ford survives reasonably well and will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Turner, V E, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Result of Survey Work Carried Out in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, , Vol. LXXXVII, (1987), 19-25

Source: Historic England

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