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Three moated sites at The Hyde and Lower Hyde

A Scheduled Monument in Leominster, Herefordshire,

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1923 / 52°11'32"N

Longitude: -2.7974 / 2°47'50"W

OS Eastings: 345588.221404

OS Northings: 255195.892913

OS Grid: SO455551

Mapcode National: GBR FG.44Q1

Mapcode Global: VH77L.G5H6

Entry Name: Three moated sites at The Hyde and Lower Hyde

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019854

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31969

County: Herefordshire,

Civil Parish: Leominster

Traditional County: Herefordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Herefordshire

Church of England Parish: Ivington

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of three moated sites
and a cider mill, within two areas of protection at The Hyde and Lower Hyde.
The sites are located on generally level land.
The first area includes the buried and earthwork remains of the moated site at
The Hyde, which is a Listed Building Grade II but is itself not included in
the scheduling. A hollow way, which probably served as the original access to
the site, runs parallel to the modern road. The moated site includes a moat
defining the island which measured approximately 50m by 30m. The northern and
eastern arms survive as water-filled features measuring up to 8m wide by 1m
deep. The eastern arm survives for approximately 40m, beyond which it is
visible as a shallow depression of up to 6m wide by 1m deep. This depression
returns westward along the line of the southern arm for approximately 10m. The
remainder of the southern arm has been infilled but will survive as a buried
feature. The moat is fed by a stream which enters in the north west and exits
in the south east. Protected within the second area are the buried and
earthwork remains of a rectangular moat, a round moat and a cider mill,
located 300m east of The Hyde, at Lower Hyde.
The rectangular moat is situated in the south western part of the area and
comprises an island surrounded by a moat. The island, which is uneven,
measures approximately 35m by 40m. No trace of the original access, which is
likely to have been by bridge, is visible. The moat survives to a depth of up
to 3m and is up to 12m wide. It is water-filled in the northern and southern
arms, and is waterlogged in the western arm. The eastern end of the northern
arm widens to approximately 20m by 20m forming a small pond. The eastern arm
has been largely infilled but is visible as a slight depression, and will
survive as a buried feature.
Immediately adjacent to and connected with the north east corner of the
rectangular moat is the round moat. It is sub-circular in form and encloses a
low, circular island of up to 15m diameter and up to 1.5m high. The moat
measures up to 3m deep and 30m wide and is waterlogged. The moat is less
distinct to the south of the island.
Located midway between the two moated sites are the remains of a cider mill
consisting of the circular stone base trough in which the wheel would have
run. This trough measures approximately 3m in diameter by approximately 0.5m
high.
All modern fencing, walling, made up surfaces and garden fixtures are excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The three moated sites at The Hyde and Lower Hyde survive as well-preserved
examples of medieval moats, located in close proximity to each other. The
islands will be expected to preserve evidence of former structures, including
both domestic and ancillary buildings and their associated occupation levels.
These remains will illustrate the nature of the site's use, the lifestyle of
its inhabitants and will facilitate dating of their construction and
subsequent periods of use. The moats are expected to preserve earlier deposits
including evidence of their construction and any alterations during their
active history. The waterlogged nature of the sites will preserve
environmental information such as pollen and seeds which will provide evidence
for the ecosystem and landscape in which they were set. In particular, the
relationship of the three moated sites is of interest and will provide the
opportunity to study changing medieval settlement patterns in the area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
RCHM, Herefordshire, RCHM, RCHM, Herefordshire, (1934)

Source: Historic England

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