Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Ganwick Farm, 580m west of House Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Barnardiston, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.1163 / 52°6'58"N

Longitude: 0.4821 / 0°28'55"E

OS Eastings: 570045.431423

OS Northings: 249347.065944

OS Grid: TL700493

Mapcode National: GBR PDX.8QG

Mapcode Global: VHJHB.92RG

Entry Name: Moated site at Ganwick Farm, 580m west of House Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 May 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019807

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33312

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Barnardiston

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Great Wratting St Mary

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich


The monument includes a medieval moated site located adjacent to Great
Wratting parish boundary, north east of the village.
The moated site includes a roughly square island measuring up to 40m across.
This is enclosed by a partly waterfilled moat, measuring up to 10m wide and
1.5m deep. A house, which was recorded on the island in 1843 as Gannocks Farm,
is no longer standing but will survive below ground as a buried feature. A
causeway, which crosses the eastern corner of the moat, was also recorded in
1843. A section of the moat's south east arm to the west of the causeway has
been infilled but will survive as a buried feature.
All fencing around the moated site is excluded from the scheduling, although
the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 580m west of House Farm survives well. The island is believed
to be largely undisturbed by modern activity and will retain buried evidence
for structures and other features relating to the development and character of
the site throughout the periods of occupation. The buried silts in the base of
the moat will contain artefacts relating to the period of occupation, and
organic remains, including evidence for the local environment in the past, are
also likely to be preserved in waterlogged deposits in the moat.
Comparisons between this site and other examples, both locally and more
widely, will provide valuable insights into the developments in the nature of
settlement in medieval England.

Source: Historic England


Title: Great Wratting Tithe Map
Source Date: 1843
SRO (Bury): FL 503/3/1

Source: Historic England

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