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Two bowl barrows 440m south east of Duncombe Court, forming part of a round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Charleton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.275 / 50°16'30"N

Longitude: -3.7479 / 3°44'52"W

OS Eastings: 275547.47318

OS Northings: 43132.198327

OS Grid: SX755431

Mapcode National: GBR QJ.K2XG

Mapcode Global: FRA 3819.MPZ

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 440m south east of Duncombe Court, forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 9 May 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019791

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33779

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Charleton

Built-Up Area: West Charleton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Charleton with Buckland-Tout-Saints

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes two bowl barrows occupying a hilltop site with wide
views to the north, west and south. The barrows form part of a wider round
barrow cemetery which contained at least 12 barrows in all. Six of these
are no longer considered to be of national importance as they are ploughed
flat, while the remaining four barrows to the north and south form the
subjects of separate schedulings.
The eastern barrow in this monument survives as a large mound 45m in diameter
and up to 1m high, with a surrounding quarry ditch 12m wide and 0.2m deep. A
smaller barrow to the west measures 25m in diameter and is up to 0.3m high.
Its surrounding ditch is 5m wide, but is only visible on the east side, where
it is 0.1m deep. On the west it survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some damage as a result of cultivation, the two bowl barrows forming
part of a round barrow cemetery 440m south east of Duncombe Court survive
well. The mounds and their surrounding ditches will contain archaeological and
environmental information relating to their construction and use as well as
the contemporary landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2000)

Source: Historic England

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