Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 360m south of Compton Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Compton Valence, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.7365 / 50°44'11"N

Longitude: -2.5908 / 2°35'27"W

OS Eastings: 358401.08755

OS Northings: 93157.113334

OS Grid: SY584931

Mapcode National: GBR PT.N2B8

Mapcode Global: FRA 57G4.8H9

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 360m south of Compton Barn

Scheduled Date: 28 September 1960

Last Amended: 18 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019741

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33545

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Compton Valence

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Compton Valence St Thomas a Beckett

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of two barrows situated on the top
of a ridge 360m south of Compton Barn.
The barrow has a mound 26m in diameter and 0.6m high. The quarry ditch
surrounding the mound which provided the material for the mound's
construction, is no longer visible on the ground surface but will survive as a
buried feature 3m wide. The second barrow, 200m to the north west, much
reduced in height by ploughing, is not considered to be of national importance
and is not included in the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 360m south of Compton Barn, although reduced in height by
ploughing, is relatively well preserved and will contain archaeological
deposits providing information about Bronze Age funerary practices, economy
and environment.

Source: Historic England

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