Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 1100m south east of Howdale Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3955 / 54°23'43"N

Longitude: -0.5238 / 0°31'25"W

OS Eastings: 495944.106001

OS Northings: 501002.003222

OS Grid: NZ959010

Mapcode National: GBR SKSM.D3

Mapcode Global: WHGBC.XSR7

Entry Name: Round barrow 1100m south east of Howdale Farm

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1934

Last Amended: 9 April 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019685

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34383

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Built-Up Area: Robin Hood's Bay

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ravenscar St Hilda

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
northern flank of Howdale Moor. This is the easternmost extent of the
sandstone, heather covered moor characteristic of the North York Moors. Today
the moor is little used but archaeological evidence indicates that this has
not always been the case. The prehistoric period in particular saw extensive
agricultural use of the area. It was also then being used for burials and
activities associated with the carving of patterns on exposed rock. Remains of
these activities survive today.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 1.5m high. It is round in
shape and measures 15m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a ditch up to
3m wide which has been filled in and is no longer visible as an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The round barrow 1100m south of Howdale Farm has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow, the burials placed within
it and the relationship with other monuments in the area will be preserved.
Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 1-38

Source: Historic England

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