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Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement, two cairns and a route marker 325m north west of Yellowmeade Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5525 / 50°33'8"N

Longitude: -4.0281 / 4°1'41"W

OS Eastings: 256420.734971

OS Northings: 74487.7235

OS Grid: SX564744

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.NP4J

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GL.SML

Entry Name: Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement, two cairns and a route marker 325m north west of Yellowmeade Farm

Scheduled Date: 23 May 1974

Last Amended: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019574

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28775

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle settlement, two cairns and a post-
medieval route marker stone situated on a gentle west facing slope overlooking
the valley of the River Walkham. The settlement includes an oval enclosure
containing three stone hut circles, with a further nine huts lying outside.
The stone hut circles survive as banks each surrounding a circular internal
area of between 2.6m and 7.5m in diameter, with the average being 5.33m. The
heights of the surrounding walls vary between 0.4m and 0.8m, with the average
being 0.63m. Nine of the huts have visible doorways, one has an annex, another
a courtyard and two have partitions. The stone hut circle at NGR SX 56507449
was in later years converted by the addition of a rubble bank wall, an annex
and straight porch. This is a particularly complex structure displaying
obvious chronological range. The enclosure forming the focus of the
settlement survives as a substantial double faced wall standing up to 1m high
surrounding an area measuring 53m long by 36m wide. A rubble bank leading
between the two northern huts within the enclosure represents a later sub-
division.
The cairn on the south western edge of the settlement measures 5.5m in
diameter and stands up to 1m high. The mound is composed of large rocks and
two edge set stones in its centre represent the remains of a disturbed cist.
The second cairn lies south of the settlement and survives as an oval mound
measuring 4m long by 3.5m wide. A number of edge set stones protruding from
the mound indicates that structural details survive within this cairn.
The route marker stone is one of at least 13 known in this part of the Moor to
have indicated the position of a road leading between Ashburton and Tavistock.
The stone measures 1.66m high and bears the letter A on its eastern face and T
on its western side. It is believed that this stone and its companions were
raised around AD 1700.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement and cairns 325m north west
of Yellowmeade Farm survive well and together represent an important source of
environmental and archaeological information for the exploitation of the Moor
in the later prehistoric period. The settlement overlooks the well known
broadly contemporary ritual complex at Merrivale. The route marker forms one
of a group which together alludes to the transport network on the Moor in the
early post-medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 14
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 15
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 16
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 17
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 18
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE123, (1982)
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1999)

Source: Historic England

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