Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow in Broxa Forest 740m south west of Highdales

A Scheduled Monument in Broxa-cum-Troutsdale, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3204 / 54°19'13"N

Longitude: -0.5509 / 0°33'3"W

OS Eastings: 494353.607238

OS Northings: 492617.622639

OS Grid: SE943926

Mapcode National: GBR SLLH.J0

Mapcode Global: WHGBR.HNWR

Entry Name: Round barrow in Broxa Forest 740m south west of Highdales

Scheduled Date: 25 November 1969

Last Amended: 6 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019466

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34530

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Broxa-cum-Troutsdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Hackness with Harwood Dale

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
ridge between Hard Dale Gill and the Derwent valley, towards the western edge
of Broxa Forest.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 1.5m high and
measures 16m in diameter. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow caused
by partial excavation in 1949. This investigation showed the barrow to have
been constructed as a mound of stone covered by a dome of clay, placed over a
central cremation. The central burial was accompanied by pottery, including
the remains of a Beaker (a distinctive decorated Early Bronze Age type of
vessel), as well as flint tools and a jet button. Seven further cremations
were also found within the mound.
The barrow is one of a group of four and lies in an area rich in prehistoric
burial monuments. The other barrows in the group are the subject of separate
schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow in Broxa Forest 740m south west
of Highdales has survived well. Significant information about the original
form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved.
Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also
survive beneath the barrow mound.
The barrow is one of a group of four burial monuments and such clusters
provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice
during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 148
Other
Title: Archaeological Survey Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors
Source Date: 1992
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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