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Long barrow and four bowl barrows 500m north west of Whitfield Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bradford Peverell, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.726 / 50°43'33"N

Longitude: -2.4687 / 2°28'7"W

OS Eastings: 367013.618759

OS Northings: 91920.488498

OS Grid: SY670919

Mapcode National: GBR PX.KRF4

Mapcode Global: FRA 57Q5.828

Entry Name: Long barrow and four bowl barrows 500m north west of Whitfield Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 April 1957

Last Amended: 24 November 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019416

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33191

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Bradford Peverell

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Bradford Peverell Church of the Assumption

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument, which falls into three separate areas of protection, includes a
long barrow and four bowl barrows situated on a ridge overlooking the Frome
valley. The bowl barrows form part of a dispersed group of eight similar
monuments which together form a dispersed round barrow cemetery associated
with the earlier long barrow. The rest of the barrows are the subject of
separate schedulings. The barrows are situated close to part of the course of
the Roman aqueduct which supplied water to the town of Durnovaria
(Dorchester). The aqueduct is also the subject of a separate scheduling.
The barrows were recorded by L Grinsell in 1959 and the Royal Commission on
the Historical Monuments of England in 1952. The long barrow is situated at
the north western end of the barrow group and is aligned north west by south
east. It has a mound composed of earth and chalk, with maximum dimensions of
50m in length, 25m in width and 0.6m in height. The long barrow was partially
excavated by E Cunnington in 1881, when human remains and flint implements
were discovered. A secondary cairn containing an inhumation burial was
identified at the south eastern end. The mound is flanked on either side by a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. The ditches, which were visible as slight earthworks in 1954, have
since become infilled, but will survive as buried features about 5m wide.
The bowl barrows each have a mound with maximum dimensions of between 25m and
30m and between about 0.4m and 0.8m in height. Surrounding each mound is a
quarry ditch. These have become infilled over the years, although each will
survive as a buried feature about 2m wide. Partial excavation of the south
eastern barrow by E Cunnington in 1879 identified a primary inhumation
burial, a bronze dagger and worked flints. Similar partial excavation of the
barrow to the south east of the long barrow by Cunnington in 1881 revealed a
crouched inhumation burial associated with a food vessel and flint implements.
A later inhumation burial associated with Roman Samian pottery was also
identifed in the upper mound.
The barrows lie on the periphery of an extensive area of field system which is
likely to have prehistoric origins. The field system has since been reduced by
ploughing, however, and is not considered to be of national importance and is
not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Long barrows are earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches which acted
as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400
BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities
and as such are the oldest visible field monuments. Some 500 examples have
been recorded nationally.
Despite some reduction by ploughing, the long barrow and four bowl barrows
500m north west of Whitfield Farm survive comparatively well and are known
from partial excavations to contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the monument, the wider Bronze Age cemetery, and the landscape in
which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 36

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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