Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 350m and 410m south of Afflington Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Corfe Castle, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6087 / 50°36'31"N

Longitude: -2.0456 / 2°2'44"W

OS Eastings: 396868.584801

OS Northings: 78774.337301

OS Grid: SY968787

Mapcode National: GBR 33V.RML

Mapcode Global: FRA 67LG.JVG

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 350m and 410m south of Afflington Barn

Scheduled Date: 19 May 1952

Last Amended: 7 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019392

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33204

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Corfe Castle

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Kingston St James

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes two
bowl barrows aligned north-south, situated on a spur overlooking Coombe Bottom
to the south.
The northern example, which is known as `The Afflington Barrow', has a mound
composed of limestone rubble with maximum dimensions of 22m in diameter and
about 1.8m in height. The southern barrow mound is 25m in diameter and about
0.5m high. The mounds are each surrounded by a ditch from which material was
quarried during their construction. These have each become infilled, but will
survive as buried features about 2m wide.
The Afflington barrow was partially excavated by J H Austen in 1855. A
possible primary cremation was identified, along with a crouched inhumation
burial and nine extended inhumations which were arranged in parallel rows.
Five of the graves were stone lined, two contained double burials and one
contained a bronze finger ring. The barrow also contained some Romano-British
pottery and bronze belt or strap fittings. The finds are now held in the
Dorset County Museum.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two bowl barrows 350m and 410m south of Afflington Barn survive
comparatively well and partial excavation of the northern example has
demonstrated the presence of archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 443
Other

Source: Historic England

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