Ancient Monuments

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Northern of two round barrows known as Row Howes, 640m south east of East Moor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Brompton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.256 / 54°15'21"N

Longitude: -0.5484 / 0°32'54"W

OS Eastings: 494665.019609

OS Northings: 485450.485096

OS Grid: SE946854

Mapcode National: GBR SMM7.23

Mapcode Global: WHGC4.K924

Entry Name: Northern of two round barrows known as Row Howes, 640m south east of East Moor Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1968

Last Amended: 7 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019369

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34168

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Brompton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Brompton-by-Sawdon All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on a
gentle south-facing slope on the Tabular Hills, at the top of Sawdon Dale.
The barrow has an earthen mound which has been spread by ploughing and
measures up to 42m in diameter. It stands up to 1.4m high. The barrow was
originally surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide but this has become filled in
over the years by soil slipping from the mound and is no longer visible as an
The barrow is one of a pair and lies within a dense concentration of
prehistoric burial monuments, in an area which also includes the remains of
prehistoric settlement and land division.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Tabular Hills in the Wykeham Forest area contain a dense concentration of
prehistoric monuments, dating from the Neolithic to the Iron Age, which
includes field systems, enclosures and land boundaries as well as both round
and square barrows. The spatial and chronological relationships between the
round and square barrows in this area, and between both types of barrow and
other prehistoric monuments, are of considerable importance for understanding
the development of later prehistoric society in eastern Yorkshire.
Despite limited disturbance, this barrow has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed
within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the
contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound and within
the buried ditch.
The northern of two round barrows known as one of the Row Howes, 640m south
east of East Moor Farm, is one of a pair of burial monuments and such clusters
provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice
during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Craster, OE, AM7, (1967)

Source: Historic England

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