Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow on Scawton Moor, 390m north east of High Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Old Byland and Scawton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2318 / 54°13'54"N

Longitude: -1.1413 / 1°8'28"W

OS Eastings: 456074.336581

OS Northings: 482133.21655

OS Grid: SE560821

Mapcode National: GBR NMGH.QR

Mapcode Global: WHD8L.FWSN

Entry Name: Round barrow on Scawton Moor, 390m north east of High Lodge

Scheduled Date: 24 May 1951

Last Amended: 10 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019351

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32681

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Old Byland and Scawton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Upper Ryedale

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes earthwork and associated buried remains of a prehistoric
burial mound located at the southern, uphill end of Claythwaite Rigg,
overlooking the confluence of Nettle Dale and Rye Dale to the north.
The monument is one of a group of round barrows scattered for 3.5km along the
north side of the watershed to the south of Rye Dale. The other surviving
round barrows of this group are the subject of separate schedulings. The
barrow is intervisible with a second on Claythwaite Rigg 140m NNW and, without
intervening trees, with a barrow 550m to the north west. It is also
intervisible with a barrow 490m to the ESE. The monument is a 25m diameter
mound which is sited on a slight natural rise so that it is 1.5m high on the
south east side and 0.5m high on the north west side. Excavation of other
examples of round barrows in the region have shown that even where no
encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches
immediately around the outside of the mound frequently survive as infilled
features, containing additional archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for
such an infilled ditch up to 2m wide is thus also included within the

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The round barrow on Scawton Moor, 390m north east of High Lodge, is one of the
best preserved of an extensive group of round barrows on Scawton Moor which
together will retain important information about Bronze Age society in the

Source: Historic England

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