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Dovecote at Barton Court

A Scheduled Monument in Colwall, Herefordshire,

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0658 / 52°3'56"N

Longitude: -2.3786 / 2°22'43"W

OS Eastings: 374139.009557

OS Northings: 240894.446738

OS Grid: SO741408

Mapcode National: GBR 0G4.KFJ

Mapcode Global: VH939.QBCP

Entry Name: Dovecote at Barton Court

Scheduled Date: 7 September 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019309

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31979

County: Herefordshire,

Civil Parish: Colwall

Traditional County: Herefordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Herefordshire

Church of England Parish: Colwall and Upper Colwall

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes a circular stone dovecote, located approximately 60m
west of the late 18th/early 19th century house known as Barton Court. Barton
Court was held by the Brooks family in the 16th century. The dovecote is
rubble built with a 20th century rendered and whitewashed exterior and is a
Listed Building Grade II*.
The dovecote is believed to date from the middle of the medieval period and
has an external diameter of approximately 5.5m, with the eaves level being
approximately 3m to 4m high. The inside wall has approximately 900 stone nest
holes built into it with a continuous stone alighting ledge every two rows.
The timber roof structure of the dovecote is thought to date from the 17th or
18th century. It is conical in form, surmounted by a timber cupola. The cupola
has two rows of flight holes and there are further flight holes below the
eaves.
Entrance to the dovecote is gained through a low, 1.3m high, round arched
opening with a timber door, located on the south east side, adjacent to a
wall, approximately 5m long, which connects the dovecote to the adjacent barn.
The wall runs to the south west from a point by the southern jamb of the door.
The wall is excluded from the scheduling where it falls within the monument's
margin of protection, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of
doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most
surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th
centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were
generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of
brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were
frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common
monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original
population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest,
although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also
generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and
character.

The dovecote at Barton Court is a well-preserved example of a circular stone
dovecote retaining its nest boxes and later roof structure.

The importance of this dovecote is enhanced by the relative rarity of its
date, plan, and main building material. It is one of approximately 15 circular
stone dovecotes in Herefordshire and Worcestershire, an area where the
majority are considered to date from the 17th century or later and are
mainly of timber frame or brick construction. Its position amongst later farm
buildings gives an insight into its continuing importance as an element of the
farm production of the estate in addition to being a visible indication of the
owners status.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Stainburn, , Dovecotes and Pigeonhouses in Herefordshire, (1979), 5
Other
FKB, Ordnance Survey Antiquity Model, (1971)
Herefordshire East, RCHME Inventory, Herefordshire east, RCHME Inventory, (1932)

Source: Historic England

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