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Three bowl barrows and one bell barrow on Bursdon Moor situated 670m north east of Lutsford Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Hartland, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9555 / 50°57'19"N

Longitude: -4.4772 / 4°28'37"W

OS Eastings: 226111.324299

OS Northings: 120257.515199

OS Grid: SS261202

Mapcode National: GBR K5.N1M7

Mapcode Global: FRA 16HL.CKL

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows and one bell barrow on Bursdon Moor situated 670m north east of Lutsford Cross

Scheduled Date: 25 February 1953

Last Amended: 13 September 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019257

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34246

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Hartland

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Welcombe St Nectan

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes three bowl barrows and one bell barrow, situated on the
high upland ridge known as Bursdon Moor, with commanding views towards the
coast and Lundy Island.
The four barrows are arranged in a roughly triangular grouping. The
easternmost survives as a circular mound 25.9m in diameter and 0.8m high. It
has a rather irregular profile and has been cut by an oval central depression
measuring 3.2m long, 2m wide and up to 0.2m deep. The surrounding outer ditch,
from which material to construct the mound was quarried, is preserved as a
buried feature, approximately 3m wide.
The westernmost barrow, a bell barrow, survives as a circular central mound,
11m in diameter and 0.8m high. This has been cut by a slightly curved
depression measuring 4.6m long, 2.4m wide and 0.2m deep. The central mound is
surrounded by a berm which measures up to 1.6m wide, beyond which is a ditch,
up to 3.2m wide and 0.2m deep. Surrounding the ditch is an outer bank, most
visible on the south east side, which measures 2.4m wide and 0.2m high.
The southernmost barrow survives as a circular mound 25.7m in diameter and
0.6m high. This has a central depression 4.9m long, 1.8m wide and up to 0.3m
deep. The surrounding quarry ditch is preserved as a buried feature
approximately 3m wide.
The central barrow survives as a circular mound of uneven profile 13.8m in
diameter and 0.5m high. The surrounding quarry ditch is preserved as a largely
buried feature, although it is just visible measuring 2.4m wide and 0.1m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrows, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
exmaples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. Over 10,000 examples are
recorded nationally.
Despite partial excavation of the bell barrow, and at least two of the bowl
barrows, this group on Bursdon Moor, 670m north east of Lutsford Cross
survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental information
relating to the mounds and their surrounding landscape. Other contemporary
monuments are visible from this barrow cluster.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS22SE15, (1987)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS22SE16, (1987)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS22SE17, (1987)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS22SE33, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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