Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 150m and 220m south west of Rews Cross

A Scheduled Monument in North Molton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0724 / 51°4'20"N

Longitude: -3.8191 / 3°49'8"W

OS Eastings: 272648.150378

OS Northings: 131910.660566

OS Grid: SS726319

Mapcode National: GBR L2.DL9L

Mapcode Global: FRA 26W9.3XP

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 150m and 220m south west of Rews Cross

Scheduled Date: 3 December 1951

Last Amended: 13 September 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019255

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34244

County: Devon

Civil Parish: North Molton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: North Molton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes two
bowl barrows situated on a prominent hill called Bampfylde Hill, overlooking
the valley of the River Mole. The barrows form part of a dispersed group.
The southernmost barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 20.6m in
diameter and 1.3m high. The surrounding ditch from which material to construct
the mound was derived, survives as a buried feature, approximately 3m wide.
The barrow is crossed on its south eastern side by a field boundary.
The northern barrow survives as a circular mound 20.9m in diameter and 2.5m
high. The surrounding outer ditch is preserved as a buried feature which
measures approximately 3m wide. A field boundary kinks around this barrow on
its western and southern sides.
The field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite reduction in height through cultivation, the two bowl barrows 150m and
220m south west of Rews Cross, survive well and will contain archaeological
and environmental information relating to the barrows and their surrounding
landscape. They also form part of a dispersed group of barrows.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS73SW7, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS73SW9, (1982)

Source: Historic England

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