Ancient Monuments

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Dovecote at Patcham Court Farm, 80m north west of All Saints Church

A Scheduled Monument in Patcham, Brighton and Hove

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Latitude: 50.8671 / 50°52'1"N

Longitude: -0.1515 / 0°9'5"W

OS Eastings: 530170.433995

OS Northings: 109134.184539

OS Grid: TQ301091

Mapcode National: GBR JNJ.JJB

Mapcode Global: FRA B6KT.4SX

Entry Name: Dovecote at Patcham Court Farm, 80m north west of All Saints Church

Scheduled Date: 21 October 1938

Last Amended: 24 November 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019243

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32271

County: Brighton and Hove

Electoral Ward/Division: Patcham

Built-Up Area: Brighton and Hove

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Patcham

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a dovecote, situated within the garden of Patcham Court
Farmhouse, on the northern outskirts of Brighton. The dovecote, which is a
Grade II Listed Building, has been dated to the 17th century, and is
considered to be contemporary with the surrounding buildings which formed part
of Patcham Court Farm.
The circular building has a diameter of about 6m and is built on gently
sloping ground. Its substantial, flint faced walls are supported on the
southern, downhill side by three flint and brick-built buttresses. It is
topped by a conical, clay tiled roof, lit by a dormer window on its western
side and surmounted by a small pitched roof above the flight hole.
Access for humans is through a low doorway on the north eastern side. Three
brick steps lead down to the floor level, around 1.5m below the surrounding
ground surface. Internally, the lime washed walls are lined with about 550
brick-built, square nesting boxes. Additional boxes have been infilled during
past repairs to the walls. Human access to the nesting boxes is by way of a
rotating wooden framework, or potence. Its central post is raised about 0.4m
above the ground by a vertical oak plinth on which it pivots.
Those parts of the later garden boundary walls which abut the northern and
southern sides of the dovecote, and which fall within its 2m protective
margin, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of
doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most
surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th
centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were
generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of
brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were
frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common
monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original
population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest,
although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also
generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and

The dovecote at Patcham Court Farm, 80m north west of All Saints Church, is a
good example of a post-medieval, functional dovecote. It survives well, mostly
in its original condition, and retains much of its internal integrity
including, unusually, its wooden potence. Its construction as part of a
contemporary farm complex provides a valuable insight into the growing
popularity of dovecotes amongst the non-manorial landowners at this time.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Law, W, 'Brighton and Hove Archaeologist' in Our Ancient Dovecotes, , Vol. 3, (1926), 128-142

Source: Historic England

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