Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 650m east of Carrine

A Scheduled Monument in Kea, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.2472 / 50°14'49"N

Longitude: -5.0899 / 5°5'23"W

OS Eastings: 179801.759298

OS Northings: 43148.044767

OS Grid: SW798431

Mapcode National: GBR ZC.9J57

Mapcode Global: FRA 087C.LWD

Entry Name: Round barrow 650m east of Carrine

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1972

Last Amended: 7 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019086

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32912

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Kea

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Kea

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow, situated on Carrine Common
on a gentle slope above a small stream, at the base of an eastern spur of a
ridge north of Carnon Downs. The barrow has a mound of earth and small stones
with a low, regularly curving profile, approximately 15.9m in diameter and
1.1m high. It has been truncated slightly by a minor road on the south east
side. An area of the mound has also been partly removed on the north west
side, where irregular excavations extend some 5.2m into the mound.
This barrow is associated with others beyond this scheduling, and forms an
outlier of a wider ridge-top barrow cemetery.
The modern road surface on the south east side of the barrow is excluded from
the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The round barrow 650m east of Carrine survives reasonably well. Although the
mound has been truncated and dug into relatively recently, it remains
substantially intact, as will parts of the underlying old land surface and any
surviving original deposits associated with the mound and old land surface.
Its location as an outlier of a wider ridge-top barrow cemetery illustrates
the important role of topography in Bronze Age funerary activity.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Henderson, C, 'Parochial Antiquities' in Parochial Antiquities, , Vol. 5, (1915), 130
Letter 42, Thomas, R, Letter to the West Briton, (1852)
Mercer, R, AM7, (1970)
SW 74 SE 11, Palmer, J, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1965)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map
Source Date: 1880

Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map
Source Date: 1907

Source: Historic England

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