Ancient Monuments

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The Burgh: a bowl barrow 940m east of Canada

A Scheduled Monument in Burpham, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.8909 / 50°53'27"N

Longitude: -0.5114 / 0°30'41"W

OS Eastings: 504791.714

OS Northings: 111217.287

OS Grid: TQ047112

Mapcode National: GBR GK6.3HQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 96TR.8KY

Entry Name: The Burgh: a bowl barrow 940m east of Canada

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018895

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31220

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Burpham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Burpham St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk spur which projects
from the southern edge of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a roughly circular
mound, about 15m in diameter and 1.7m high with a central hollow indicating
part excavation at some time in the past. Finds recovered from the monument
during excavation included Bronze Age and later, Roman pottery.
The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the
barrow was excavated. The ditch has become infilled over the years but will
survive as a buried feature around 2m wide.
The barrow has been partly disturbed by past modern ploughing on its south
eastern side, and the north western edge of the mound has been partly levelled
by long term use of a track.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Burgh bowl barrow survives well, despite some subsequent disturbance, and
will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to
the construction and use of the monument.

Source: Historic England

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