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Neolithic long barrow 700m north of Thoresway Grange Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Rothwell, Lincolnshire

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Latitude: 53.4685 / 53°28'6"N

Longitude: -0.2451 / 0°14'42"W

OS Eastings: 516586.090492

OS Northings: 398294.171606

OS Grid: TF165982

Mapcode National: GBR VXQB.QC

Mapcode Global: WHHJ9.62JT

Entry Name: Neolithic long barrow 700m north of Thoresway Grange Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 April 1999

Last Amended: 13 October 2021

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018861

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29745

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Rothwell

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Thoresway St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln


The monument includes the buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow 700m north
of Thoresway Grange Farm. It is on a south east facing hillside at the head of
a dry valley between the Croxby and Swallow Becks. Although the monument is no
longer visible on the ground, its infilled and buried ditch can be clearly
seen from the air as a soilmark. This variation in the colour of the plough
soil indicates the presence of buried features and has been recorded on aerial
photographs since 1979.
The area of the barrow is defined by a roughly trapezoidal ditch orientated
SSE-NNW and measuring approximately 50m long by 25m wide overall, with convex
terminals. The long sides of the ditch are slightly thickened and the circuit
is complete. The absence of a causeway suggests that this may be an example
of the simpler form of Lincolnshire Wolds long barrow.
The long barrow is thought to be one of a group of similar monuments
associated with the valleys of the Waithe and Croxby Becks.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with
flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle
Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's
early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to
have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains
having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several
phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound,
including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals
of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important
spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time.
The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have
been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the
flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either
continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60
examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive
as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and
soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the
Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited
understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is
that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which
was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the
ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments
which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been
degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of
cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never
developed a burial mound.
As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic
monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a
great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of
the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the
Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of
national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are
considered worthy of protection.

Although the long barrow 700m north of Thoresway Grange Farm is no longer
visible on the ground, its buried and infilled ditch and internal ritual area
will retain rare and valuable archaeological deposits including human remains.
These will provide evidence relating to the barrow's date of construction,
period of use and the religious practices of its builders. Environmental
evidence preserved in the same contexts may illustrate the nature of the
landscape in which the monument was set.
The long barrow is one of a large group of similar monuments focussed on the
prehistoric trackway now formalised as the B1225 (High Street) and on the
river valleys of the Lincolnshire Wolds, and has a particular relationship
with those of the valleys of the Croxby and Waithe Becks. Comparisons between
these barrows may have considerable implications for the study of
communications, settlement and demography during the Neolithic period.

Source: Historic England


oblique monochrome print, Everson P, Frame 17, (1970)
vertical monochrome print, Clyde Surveys Ltd, 8308.1.078, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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