Ancient Monuments

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Moated site 250m north west of Elmbrook Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Great and Little Kimble, Buckinghamshire

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Latitude: 51.7765 / 51°46'35"N

Longitude: -0.8227 / 0°49'21"W

OS Eastings: 481324.51257

OS Northings: 209299.035559

OS Grid: SP813092

Mapcode National: GBR D39.GV9

Mapcode Global: VHDVB.PMG0

Entry Name: Moated site 250m north west of Elmbrook Farm

Scheduled Date: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018730

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32118

County: Buckinghamshire

Civil Parish: Great and Little Kimble

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Kimble

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a medieval moated site 250m north west of Elmbrook Farm.

The moated site is rectangular in plan. The island measures some 50m north
east-south west by a maximum of 84m north west-south east, and is raised by
about 1m above the surrounding ground level. The island is contained by a
water-filled ditch, or moat, which measures up to 10m wide and at least 2m in
depth. Access to the island is via a causeway across the eastern corner of the
moat. An outer bank, about 2m in width and thought to be upcast from the
ditch, is visible along the north east and north west arms.

Pottery sherds, dating from the late Saxon and medieval periods, have been
discovered on the island.

The fences to the south east and south west of the moat ditch and the pheasant
coop on the island are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 250m north west of Elmbrook Farm survives well. The island is
largely undisturbed and will retain buried evidence for structures and other
features relating to the period of occupation. Despite some disturbance to the
ditch the buried silts in the base of it contain both artefacts relating to
the period of occupation and environmental evidence for the appearance of the
landscape in which the monument was set.

The monument lies in an area where moated sites are relatively numerous, and
is situated in close proximity to three such sites; one at Apsley Manor Farm,
Ellesborough, 1.1km to the south east, one at Grove Farm, Ellesborough, 2.55km
to the south east and the other at Terrick House, Ellesborough, 2.6km to the
south east. Comparisons between these sites will provide valuable insights
into the nature of settlement and society in the medieval period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Allcroft, A H, Earthworks of England, (1908), 468
Field visit, Mrs. M. Hall and Farley, Mike , (1976)

Source: Historic England

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