Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairnfield on Ringstone Edge Moor, 240m south west of Clay House

A Scheduled Monument in Ripponden, Calderdale

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Latitude: 53.6648 / 53°39'53"N

Longitude: -1.9287 / 1°55'43"W

OS Eastings: 404805.813018

OS Northings: 418706.05012

OS Grid: SE048187

Mapcode National: GBR GVZ2.70

Mapcode Global: WHB8V.B4ST

Entry Name: Cairnfield on Ringstone Edge Moor, 240m south west of Clay House

Scheduled Date: 8 March 1963

Last Amended: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018560

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31509

County: Calderdale

Civil Parish: Ripponden

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Barkisland Christ Church

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cairnfield on Ringstone Edge Moor, Barkisland. There
are at least seven cairns up to 7m in diameter. The majority have been
ploughed almost flat, but are visible as slight mounds in the improved
pasture. However, the two northernmost cairns lying outside the area of
improved pasture survive to a height of approximately 0.2m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
prehistoric period.

Although the cairnfield on Ringstone Edge Moor has been damaged by ploughing
it will retain important archaeological information and may preserve burials
in the form of cremations. It is one of several prehistoric sites on Ringstone
Edge Moor.

Source: Historic England


Cairnfield, Marriot, J, Ringstone Edge Moor, (1986)

Source: Historic England

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