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Cairnfield in Honley Old Wood, 280m north west of The Woodlands

A Scheduled Monument in Holme Valley, Kirklees

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.6044 / 53°36'15"N

Longitude: -1.813 / 1°48'46"W

OS Eastings: 412468.335767

OS Northings: 412000.152392

OS Grid: SE124120

Mapcode National: GBR HVSR.8N

Mapcode Global: WHCB7.3NXN

Entry Name: Cairnfield in Honley Old Wood, 280m north west of The Woodlands

Scheduled Date: 20 October 1980

Last Amended: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018556

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31505

County: Kirklees

Civil Parish: Holme Valley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Honley St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a cairnfield in Honley Old Wood, 280m north west of The
Woodlands. It occupies the edge of a plateau and is bounded on its north side
by the gritstone escarpment.
The cairnfield is composed of approximately 17 cairns, between 2.5m and 8m in
diameter and up to 1m high. Several of the larger cairns have been robbed for
stone, leaving crescent-shaped stone banks. Most of the undisturbed cairns are
subcircular, but two are more elongated and may have formed part of stone
banks.
Two rubble banks lie at an angle to each other near the southern edge of the
cairnfield. These are typically 3m wide and 0.3m high. North of the rubble
banks, at the south side of the main group of cairns, is a shallow circular
hollow about 9m in diameter which may be a hut circle.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
prehistoric period.

This cairnfield survives well and will retain important archaeological
information including the settlement connected with it. It is similar to two
other cairnfields in woods in the Honley area, which are the subject of
separate schedulings.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Cairnfield and bank, Marriott, J, Honley Old Wood, (1986)

Source: Historic England

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