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Moated site immediately east of Gannow Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Inkberrow, Worcestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.2297 / 52°13'46"N

Longitude: -1.9976 / 1°59'51"W

OS Eastings: 400261.213868

OS Northings: 259054.498542

OS Grid: SP002590

Mapcode National: GBR 2HC.5S2

Mapcode Global: VHB06.B791

Entry Name: Moated site immediately east of Gannow Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018544

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31942

County: Worcestershire

Civil Parish: Inkberrow

Traditional County: Worcestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Worcestershire

Church of England Parish: Inkberrow

Church of England Diocese: Worcester

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the surviving
western section, and a sample of the damaged eastern section, of the moated
site east of Gannow Farm located on level ground immediately to the east of
the modern farmyard.

The moat was originally a figure of `8' in plan, orientated north west to
south east, although only the westernmost moat survives well. Traces of the
northern arm of the eastern moat can still be seen as a detached earthwork to
the east of the monument; however this moat has largely been infilled and
degraded through previous agricultural practices. The eastern moat is not
therefore included in the scheduling except for a 4m sample which has been
included in order to preserve the relationship between the eastern and
western moated areas.

The island of the western moat, which is rectangular and raised above the
surrounding ground level, measures some 20m by 20m, and is defined by a
substantial moat which maintains a depth of water for most of the year. The
moat measures up to 1m deep and 6m wide and relies largely on ground drainage
for its water supply. The surface of the island is undulating although
undisturbed, traces of structures being evident in addition to a stone-lined
well and masonry steps leading down to the moat in the middle of the northern
arm. Access is gained by a causeway situated midway along the southern arm,
which has been widened west of the causeway. There are traces of masonry
revetment on the inner and outer banks of the moat and causeway. The moat
drains to the south east into a drain inserted on the line of the infilled
southern arm of the eastern moat.

The moated site is believed to be a medieval homestead moat and was once
within the Royal Forest of Feckenham.

All post and wire fencing is excluded from the scheduling although the ground
beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site immediately east of Gannow Farm, although in part disturbed,
survives as a well-preserved example of a small medieval homestead moat. The
undisturbed island will preserve evidence of former structures, including both
domestic and ancillary buildings and their associated occupation levels. These
remains will illustrate the nature of use of the site and the lifestyle of its
inhabitants in addition to evidence which will facilitate the dating of the
construction and subsequent periods of use of the moat.

The moat ditch can be expected to preserve earlier deposits including evidence
of its construction and any alterations which occurred during its active
history. In addition, its waterlogged condition will preserve environmental
information about the ecosystem and landscape history of the moat from the
medieval period. The 4m sample of the eastern section of the site will
preserve evidence of the relationship between the western and eastern islands.
This was a site of some complexity and of high status. Figure of `8' moats are
comparatively rare and the existence of an outer ditched, or moated, enclosure
further emphasises the site's rarity and importance. A considerable outlay
would have been needed for its construction, making it a significant feature
of the medieval landscape.

The distribution and relationships between moated sites in the medieval Forest
of Feckenham are not yet fully understood and this site will provide valuable
information on this subject. There are at least three other moated sites
recorded within a 1.5km radius of Gannow Farm, providing information about the
relationships between settlements of this nature in the locality.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Moger, O, Wragge, A, The Victoria History of the County of Worcestershire, (1913), 419
Bond, C J, 'Medieval Moated Sites' in Worcestershire: Selected Moats, , Vol. ResRep17, (1978), 74
Other
various SMR Officers, SMR Records, (1960)

Source: Historic England

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