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Thorny Close moated site, Northbeck

A Scheduled Monument in Scredington, Lincolnshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9572 / 52°57'25"N

Longitude: -0.3694 / 0°22'10"W

OS Eastings: 509630.592983

OS Northings: 341221.709472

OS Grid: TF096412

Mapcode National: GBR GSK.PD5

Mapcode Global: WHGKF.9XBV

Entry Name: Thorny Close moated site, Northbeck

Scheduled Date: 24 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018539

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31602

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Scredington

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Scredington St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln

Details

The monument includes a moated site at Northbeck approximately 150m north east
of Manor Farm. The moated site is one of a group of five that existed in and
around the village of Scredington within a 1.25km radius. The land holdings in
this area during the Middle Ages were characterised by a complex estate
structure. In 1086 two parcels of land were recorded, of these one settlement
centre is thought to have been established in Scredington and the other at
Northbeck.

Situated on relatively level ground, the moat complex covers an area measuring
approximately 110m by 70m with a broad arm, measuring 12m across, extending
beyond the north west corner of the moat for a distance of approximately 35m,
indicating that a further enclosure may formerly have existed on the western
side of the moat. The remains include a rectangular platform, or island,
measuring approximately 75m by 35m surrounded by a 10m to 12m wide moat now
filled by a shallow depth of ground water. The island, which is slightly
raised in the centre, is now entered by a modern earthen causeway near the
south western corner. The north eastern corner of the moat has been altered
since medieval times and now curves outward, measuring up to 15m wide.

There is a pronounced external bank on the north side of the moated site and a
low broad bank to the south. The northern bank measures 6m to 7m across and
stands 0.5m to 1m in height with a flattened top. The bank at the southern
edge of the moat is approximately 6m in width and survives to an average
height of 0.2m.

All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them
is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The remains of Thorny Close moated site at Northbeck, survive well as a series
of earthworks and buried deposits. The artifical raising of the moated island
above the prevailing ground level, together with the banks, will preserve
evidence of land use prior to the construction of the moat. Waterlogging in
the base of the moat will preserve organic remains, such as timber, leather
and seeds, which will give an insight into domestic and economic activity on
the site.

The moat at Thorny Close is one of only two surviving moated sites of a group
of five formerly located within a small area in the parish; as such it will
preserve valuable evidence for the way in which this group of sites
interrelated as components of the medieval landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Healey, RH, Roffe, DR, Some medieval and later earthworks in South Lincolnshire, (1990), 95-97
Butler, L A S, 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Hambleton Moat, Scredington, Lincolnshire, , Vol. 26, (1963), 51-78
Other
Gandy, Mr , (1997)
Title: Scredington Inclosure plan
Source Date: 1797
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
tithe award

Source: Historic England

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