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Four bowl barrows 110m and 360m west of Wrangworthy Cross forming part of a round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in East Putford, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.934 / 50°56'2"N

Longitude: -4.3016 / 4°18'5"W

OS Eastings: 238367.249626

OS Northings: 117474.573387

OS Grid: SS383174

Mapcode National: GBR KD.PJ2M

Mapcode Global: FRA 16WM.V9M

Entry Name: Four bowl barrows 110m and 360m west of Wrangworthy Cross forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 26 November 1928

Last Amended: 15 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018526

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32198

County: Devon

Civil Parish: East Putford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Putford St Stephen

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes four bowl
barrows on a high upland ridge overlooking the valley of a tributary to the
River Torridge. These four barrows form part of a larger cemetery which lies
along this ridge. The other clusters lie to the north east, north west, west
and south and are the subject of separate schedulings.
Three of the barrows in this monument form a NNE-SSW alignment on its eastern
side; the fourth barrow is situated to the west.
The north eastern barrow in the alignment survives as a circular mound which
measures 35.5m in diameter and 0.9m high. The surrounding quarry ditch is
visible to the west, south and east and measures 3.1m wide and 0.1m deep. To
the south west, a second circular mound measuring 25.8m in diameter and up to
1.6m high is surrounded by a 4.5m wide and 0.2m deep ditch. This barrow was
partly excavated in 1934 revealing a central primary interment lying within a
partly gabled log structure denoted by posts at each corner. Artefacts from
the vicinity of the burial included a wooden pole, a bronze dagger and a flint
blade.
Further south west the third circular mound measures 20.2m in diameter and is
up to 0.6m high. The surrounding quarry ditch is preserved as a buried
feature. This ditch is in turn partly cut on the south east by a ditched field
boundary. This barrow was also partly excavated in 1934 revealing a mortuary
chamber.
The westernmost barrow survives as a circular mound 29.6m in diameter and up
to 1.1m high. Its surrounding quarry ditch is also preserved as a buried
feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in their height through excavation, the four bowl barrows at
Wrangworthy Cross survive well and form part of a well preserved and extensive
round barrow cemetery in a prominent ridge top location. Archaeological and
environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which
it was constructed is known from excavation to survive in and under these
mounds.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE10, (1987)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE11, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE3, (1987)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE35, (1982)

Source: Historic England

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