Ancient Monuments

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Cairn 720m north east of Lady Wash Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Eyam, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.3021 / 53°18'7"N

Longitude: -1.667 / 1°40'1"W

OS Eastings: 422289.890616

OS Northings: 378402.786439

OS Grid: SK222784

Mapcode National: GBR JZS8.X0

Mapcode Global: WHCCV.C8FC

Entry Name: Cairn 720m north east of Lady Wash Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018481

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31234

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Eyam

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Eyam St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes a small prehistoric cairn located on a slight ridge of
gently shelving land at the south of Eyam Moor.
The monument is a well-preserved example of a small cairn of stones. It
measures 2.5m by 3.5m and stands about 0.5m high. It is located in a
relatively isolated position, away from the main prehistoric cairnfields on
Eyam Moor which demonstrate land clearance and agriculture during the Bronze
Age. There are, however, several other cairns in this part of the Moor and
this small dispersed group is interpreted as a barrow cemetery, set apart from
the main areas of prehistoric agriculture.
The cairn is complete with only a very minor depression close to its centre
which does not appear to be the result of excavation. As such, the cairn
retains much buried information on prehistoric funerary practice.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2,000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands
and are the stone equivalents of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands.
Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
This example of a round cairn survives complete and, as such, will retain
buried information on prehistoric funerary practice. It will also contribute
to understanding of the wider prehistoric remains in Eyam Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Barnatt, J. W., Highlow Hall and Eyam Moor ... Archaeological Survey 1994-5., 1995, unpublished survey archive

Source: Historic England

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