Ancient Monuments

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The Round Pound, an enclosure on Chaldon Down

A Scheduled Monument in Chaldon Herring, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.6346 / 50°38'4"N

Longitude: -2.2893 / 2°17'21"W

OS Eastings: 379634.200799

OS Northings: 81693.949396

OS Grid: SY796816

Mapcode National: GBR 10P.40Q

Mapcode Global: FRA 672D.CYK

Entry Name: The Round Pound, an enclosure on Chaldon Down

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1968

Last Amended: 16 November 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018436

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29084

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Chaldon Herring

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Lulworths, Winfrith Newburgh and Chaldon

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes an enclosure, known as the Round Pound, situated on an
elevated part of Chaldon Down, with panoramic views. The Round Pound lies
within an area of a broadly contemporary field system, although ploughing has
since reduced this into four separate blocks.
The Round Pound was recorded by the Royal Commission on the Historical
Monuments of England in 1970. It is defined by a bank composed of chalk and
earth, with maximum dimensions of 14m in width and about 1.5m in height. The
bank is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. The ditch has become infilled over the years,
but is known to survive as a buried feature 7.5m wide. The only identifiable
entrance is situated to the south of the eastern corner and includes a gap 3m
wide. It is uncertain whether this gap represents an original feature.
The bank and ditch enclose a slightly dished area, sub-square in plan which
covers about 0.6ha. The interior of the enclosure is higher than the
surrounding ground.
The only dating evidence from the site is a sherd of Iron Age pottery with
finger-tip decoration. This was recovered from the western corner of the
enclosure bank by The Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England
staff during survey work.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundaries, although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Round Pound represents an enclosure characteristic of the Iron Age or
Romano-British periods. Despite a relatively high location, this enclosure is
unlikely to have been defensive in nature and its setting is more likely to
relate to stock management, thereby reflecting the presence of the broadly
contemporary field system which extends widely over the area to the south and
west. No other similar enclosures have been identified within this part of
Despite some ploughing around the periphery, the Round Pound survives well and
will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The enclosure is of an
unusual form and represents a rare survival. The association of the enclosure
with the nearby field system is important, as the two monuments are likely to
preserve complimentary evidence for the agricultural exploitation of the Down
in the late prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 502
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 502
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 502

Source: Historic England

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