Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 340m east of Holly Bush Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Grittleton, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.5225 / 51°31'21"N

Longitude: -2.1724 / 2°10'20"W

OS Eastings: 388135.085948

OS Northings: 180416.587668

OS Grid: ST881804

Mapcode National: GBR 1QB.HL4

Mapcode Global: VH95Y.9ZDP

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 340m east of Holly Bush Farm

Scheduled Date: 15 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018418

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31642

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Grittleton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Grittleton and Leigh Delamere

Church of England Diocese: Bristol


The monument includes a bowl barrow located 340m east of Holly Bush Farm
on a gentle south east facing slope to the east of the village of Grittleton.
The mound is 30m across north west to south east and 27m from north east to
south west. It is 0.7m high. A patch of stony ground is situated 1.5m north
east of the top of the mound, consisting of large slabs of limestone, uncut
but regular in form. This is likely to represent part of the barrow's original
The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried
feature 3m wide.
The barrow is likely to be `Olde Burgh' or `Berwe' mentioned in a Saxon
charter of AD 940 from King Eadmund granting lands around Grittleton to the
thegne Wulfric.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow east of Holly Bush Farm is well preserved and is a
good example of its type. It will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. Early medieval sources indicate the significance of this
barrow some 3000 years after it was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grundy, G B, 'The Archaeological Journal' in The Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 76, (1919), 252

Source: Historic England

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