Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bronze Age cairnfield on north west slopes of Hart Heugh, 900m south west of Wooler Common

A Scheduled Monument in Wooler, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.5286 / 55°31'42"N

Longitude: -2.0563 / 2°3'22"W

OS Eastings: 396540.241434

OS Northings: 626094.776626

OS Grid: NT965260

Mapcode National: GBR G42H.LZ

Mapcode Global: WH9ZP.D90K

Entry Name: Bronze Age cairnfield on north west slopes of Hart Heugh, 900m south west of Wooler Common

Scheduled Date: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018376

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31710

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Wooler

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Wooler St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a cairnfield of prehistoric date situated
on level ground below Hart Heugh. The cairnfield comprises at least eight
clearance cairns, roughly circular in shape and measuring between 5m and 2m in
diameter. The largest cairn stands 0.4m high and has some kerb stones visible
through the turf cover which suggest it is funerary in nature.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
prehistoric period.

The Bronze Age cairnfield situated north west of Hart Heugh is well preserved
and will retain significant archaeological deposits. Its importance is
enhanced by the survival nearby of other broadly contemporary field systems
and cairnfields, clustered around Fredden Hill. It is part of a wider
archaeological landscape in the Cheviot Hills and will contribute to any study
of land use during this period.

Source: Historic England

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