Ancient Monuments

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Ringwork in Broomhall Copse

A Scheduled Monument in Cranleigh, Surrey

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Latitude: 51.0993 / 51°5'57"N

Longitude: -0.4623 / 0°27'44"W

OS Eastings: 507764.475434

OS Northings: 134453.890107

OS Grid: TQ077344

Mapcode National: GBR GGR.3XL

Mapcode Global: FRA 96X6.XC3

Entry Name: Ringwork in Broomhall Copse

Scheduled Date: 11 March 1953

Last Amended: 10 June 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018371

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31387

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Cranleigh

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Cranleigh

Church of England Diocese: Guildford


The monument includes a medieval ringwork constructed on a sandstone and clay
ridge which forms part of the Surrey Weald. The ringwork, which is situated
just to the north of the Surrey/West Sussex county boundary, survives as a
low, circular, flat-topped mound measuring 32m in diameter, surrounded by a
defensive dry ditch up to 5.5m wide and 0.5m deep. Access to the interior was
by way of a simple, 4m wide causewayed entrance through the south eastern
defences. Fragments of glazed Norman pottery and red floor tiles were
discovered during part excavation of the mound in 1928. The investigation also
revealed large quantities of charcoal beneath a layer of disturbed ground,
indicating that the mound was the site of contemporary wooden structures which
were destroyed by burning, and the earthwork defences slighted, at the time of
the abandonment of the ringwork.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Ringworks are medieval fortifications built and occupied from the late
Anglo-Saxon period to the later 12th century. They comprised a small defended
area containing buildings which was surrounded or partly surrounded by a
substantial ditch and a bank surmounted by a timber palisade or, rarely, a
stone wall. Occasionally a more lightly defended embanked enclosure, the
bailey, adjoined the ringwork. Ringworks acted as strongholds for military
operations and in some cases as defended aristocratic or manorial settlements.
They are rare nationally with only 200 recorded examples and less than 60
with baileys. As such, and as one of a limited number and very restricted
range of Anglo-Saxon and Norman fortifications, ringworks are of particular
significance to our understanding of the period.

Despite some subsequent disturbance, the ringwork in Broomhall Copse survives
comparatively well, and part excavation has shown that the monument retains
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction,
original use and abandonment.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Winbolt, S E, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Early Norman Castle Mound Near Rudgwick, , Vol. 38, (1930), 96-97

Source: Historic England

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