Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Medieval shieling 600m south east of South Middleton

A Scheduled Monument in Ilderton, Northumberland

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5017 / 55°30'6"N

Longitude: -1.9957 / 1°59'44"W

OS Eastings: 400372.063002

OS Northings: 623100.125002

OS Grid: NU003231

Mapcode National: GBR G4HT.RM

Mapcode Global: WH9ZQ.9ZY6

Entry Name: Medieval shieling 600m south east of South Middleton

Scheduled Date: 18 September 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018350

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31702

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Ilderton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Ilderton St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes a medieval shieling situated at the foot of a prominent
mound called Foxes Knowe. It is aligned north-south, measures 10m by 4m, and
is divided into two rooms. The walls stand up to 0.5m high and there is a
probable entrance in the west side.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Shielings are small seasonally occupied huts which were built to provide
shelter for herdsmen who tended animals grazing summer pasture on upland or
marshland. These huts reflect a system called transhumance, whereby stock was
moved in spring from lowland pasture around the permanently occupied farms to
communal upland grazing during the warmer summer months. Settlement patterns
reflecting transhumance are known from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC)
onwards. However, the construction of herdsmen's huts in a form distinctive
from the normal dwelling houses of farms, only appears from the early medieval
period onwards (from AD 450), when the practice of transhumance is also known
from documentary sources and, notably, place-name studies. Their construction
appears to cease at the end of the 16th century. Shielings vary in size but
are commonly small and may occur singly or in groups. They have a simple sub-
rectangular or ovoid plan normally defined by drystone walling, although
occasional turf-built structures are known, and the huts are sometimes
surrounded by a ditch. Most examples have a single undivided interior but two
roomed examples are known. Some examples have adjacent ancillary structures,
such as pens, and may be associated with a midden. Some are also contained
within a small ovoid enclosure. Shielings are reasonably common in the uplands
but frequently represent the only evidence for medieval settlement and farming
practice here. Those examples which survive well and which help illustrate
medieval land use in an area are considered to be nationally important.

The medieval shieling 600m south east of South Middleton survives in good
condition and retains significant archaeological deposits. It lies at the
eastern edge of the distribution of shielings in Northumberland and will
contribute to the study of the wider settlement and land use during this
period.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.