Ancient Monuments

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Garden gateway at Tilstone Hall 130m south of Tilstone Hall Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Tiverton and Tilstone Fearnall, Cheshire West and Chester

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Latitude: 53.1428 / 53°8'34"N

Longitude: -2.6404 / 2°38'25"W

OS Eastings: 357261.618663

OS Northings: 360821.541511

OS Grid: SJ572608

Mapcode National: GBR 7N.614G

Mapcode Global: WH99W.D8XH

Entry Name: Garden gateway at Tilstone Hall 130m south of Tilstone Hall Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 November 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018339

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30367

County: Cheshire West and Chester

Civil Parish: Tiverton and Tilstone Fearnall

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Tilstone Fearnall St Jude

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument includes the ruins of a two-storey gatehouse for a walled garden
originally attached to Tilstone Hall. The house was built around AD 1600 by
Thomas Wilbraham of Woodhey and, after damage during the Civil War, was pulled
down in about AD 1740. The gatehouse is all that remains of this mansion and
its garden.
The gatehouse, which is listed Grade II, is built of red sandstone ashlar with
some brickwork repairs to the structure and brick infilling of the window
openings. On the south west front there is a central pedestrian archway with
moulded springers and ovolo moulding to the arch voussoirs. This was flanked
by mullioned widows with pediments over, now blocked with brickwork. The north
east face is similar, with a central archway and blocked mullioned windows.
One cabled Doric column survives on the right hand side of this doorway. Other
columns are now missing.
The building was probably intended to be used as a banqueting house in the
upper storey and a retreat for the enjoyment of the garden.
The post and wire fence to the south of the gateway is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Many early houses had gardens associated with them. Examples are known from
as far back in time as the Roman period. During the 16th century there was a
surge in interest in garden design in order to emulate the achievements of
late classical models known from Latin literature and to imitate examples
reported from Italy and France. The forms of such gardens might include water
management with ponds and canals, elaborate geometric plantings and ornamental
walls with summerhouses, banqueting houses and gazebos.
These garden buildings were designed to complement the architecture of the
main house and open some of the functions of the house into the garden. In
particular they were to provide a place for quiet recreation and contemplation
for a gentleman and his friends.
A banqueting house provided a place for elaborate dining in a situation which
was closer to nature and away from the cares of running an estate.
The gatehouse and banqueting house at Tilstone Hall survives well despite the
loss of the roof and parts of the upper storey. The building still shows a
wealth of the original detail and represents a fine example of a local mixture
of classical and medieval proportion and style. It is one of two surviving
examples in Cheshire, the other being at Gawsworth Hall.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Turner, R, Gawsworth Hall and Gardens, (1990), 7

Source: Historic England

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