Ancient Monuments

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Moated site 200m south west of Bell Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Carlton Colville, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.4457 / 52°26'44"N

Longitude: 1.6932 / 1°41'35"E

OS Eastings: 651073.246164

OS Northings: 289494.024727

OS Grid: TM510894

Mapcode National: GBR YTT.NWT

Mapcode Global: VHM6M.9SHJ

Entry Name: Moated site 200m south west of Bell Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018331

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30549

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Carlton Colville

Built-Up Area: Lowestoft

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Carlton Colville St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Norwich


The monument includes a moated site situated on level ground some 200m south
west of Bell Farm. The moat, which is seasonally wet and ranges in width from
10m to 15m, is open to a depth of up to 2m and surrounds a small, sub-
rectangular central platform raised up to 0.4m above the ground level to the
south, east and north west of the moat and measuring approximately 21m south
west-north east by 20m north west-south east. At the south west corner of the
moat there is a short projection which probably represents the end of an
outlet channel. A dished causeway across the eastern arm of the moat, which
now provides access to the central platform, is not an original feature. A
medieval lead seal and a 13th century seal matrix found in the vicinity of the
moat provide evidence for the high, probably manorial status of the site.

A fence around the outer edge of the moat is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 200m south west of Bell Farm survives well and is unencumbered
by later buildings. The central platform and the moat will therefore retain
archaeological information concerning the construction and occupation of the
site during the medieval period. Organic materials, including evidence for the
local environment in the past, are likely to be preserved in waterlogged
deposits in the bottom of the moat. Evidence for earlier land use, predating
the construction of the moat, may also survive in soils buried beneath the
raised central platform.

Source: Historic England

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