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Enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 200m north west of Hanging Field Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Todmorden, Calderdale

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.7252 / 53°43'30"N

Longitude: -2.0873 / 2°5'14"W

OS Eastings: 394334.279952

OS Northings: 425426.303234

OS Grid: SD943254

Mapcode National: GBR FTVC.WC

Mapcode Global: WHB8C.XM6K

Entry Name: Enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 200m north west of Hanging Field Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 November 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018254

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31492

County: Calderdale

Civil Parish: Todmorden

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Todmorden St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes an enclosed Bronze Age urnfield. It is situated on
Todmorden Golf Course 200m north west of Hanging Field Farm.
The urnfield is approximately 37m in diameter and has a low, subcircular,
enclosing bank. This bank is about 7m wide and up to 0.5m high, and is visibly
crossed by medieval ridge and furrow running approximately north-south. The
bank survives best on the east side; on the north side it is only present as a
slight rise.
The interior of the urnfield was excavated in 1897 and produced four cinerary
urns containing human bone, beads, a bronze knife, and flint tools.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

An enclosed Bronze Age urnfield is a burial ground in which cremations,
usually placed in cinerary urns, were interred within a circular enclosure up
to 30m in diameter. This was formed by either a ditch, a bank, or a bank
within a stone circle. There was normally an entrance or causeway allowing
access into the enclosure, where a central mound or standing stone is
sometimes found. Excavated examples are known to date to the Middle Bronze Age
between the 16th and 11th centuries BC. Enclosed Bronze Age urnfields are
largely found in the north of England, mainly in Yorkshire, Cumbria and
Northumberland, although their distribution also extends into Scotland. They
are a rare type of Bronze Age burial monument, with fewer than 50 identified
examples and provide an important insight into beliefs and social organisation
during this period. All positively identified examples are considered to be
nationally important

The enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 200m north west of Hanging Field Farm
survives reasonably well, despite disturbance by past excavations and will
retain further cremation burials and other archaeological information. It is
one of several such sites in the Calderdale area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Law, R, 'The Halifax Naturalist and Record of the Scientific Society' in The Halifax Naturalist and Record of the Scientific Society, , Vol. 111 no15, (1898), 49-52

Source: Historic England

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