Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 220m north west of Oxwold House

A Scheduled Monument in Winson, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.761 / 51°45'39"N

Longitude: -1.8965 / 1°53'47"W

OS Eastings: 407242.114803

OS Northings: 206933.651454

OS Grid: SP072069

Mapcode National: GBR 3QG.FCV

Mapcode Global: VHB2D.2ZSV

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 220m north west of Oxwold House

Scheduled Date: 3 January 1949

Last Amended: 29 April 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018160

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29783

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Winson

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Barnsley St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a gentle south east facing
slope immediately below the crest of Barnsley Wold. The barrow has a mound
26m in diameter and 1.7m high, in the centre of which is a large depression
that extends out into the west side of the mound and is presumably the result
of an unrecorded antiquarian investigation. Although no trace of the ditch
surrounding the mound can be seen on the surface, it will survive as a buried
feature 3m wide.
In 1938 Mrs O'Neil noted a possible cist in the centre, along with five
upright stones of a retaining kerb around the east edge, but these features
are no longer visible.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 220m north west of Oxwold House is a comparatively well
preserved example of its class of monument which, despite early excavations
still exhibits much of its original profile. The barrow will contain
archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy
and environment.

Source: Historic England

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