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Two bowl barrows on Colaton Raleigh Common, 500m north and 780m north east of Woodbury Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Woodbury, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6826 / 50°40'57"N

Longitude: -3.3689 / 3°22'8"W

OS Eastings: 303383.939443

OS Northings: 87892.711806

OS Grid: SY033878

Mapcode National: GBR P5.FMRC

Mapcode Global: FRA 37T8.RB0

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on Colaton Raleigh Common, 500m north and 780m north east of Woodbury Castle

Scheduled Date: 10 August 1923

Last Amended: 18 September 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018053

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29654

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Woodbury

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Woodbury Salterton

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas, includes two Bronze Age
bowl barrows aligned broadly east-west and situated about 500m apart on
Colaton Raleigh Common on either side of the B3180. Both barrows lie on the
crest of a ridge which falls away sharply to the west and both have commanding
views in that direction.
The eastern barrow, 780m NNE of Woodbury Castle, is 3.5m high with a diameter
of 21.7m; it has an encircling ditch 2.2m wide which is partly obscured on the
western side by a later bank. The western barrow, 500m north of Woodbury
Castle, has a height of 4m and a diameter of 31m. It too has an encircling
ditch, in this case 3.7m wide. An old gravel pit lies close to this barrow
on its south western side. Both barrows are further enclosed by substantial
banks and ditches, the bank surrounding the eastern barrow flanking a road
and partly overlying the barrow's associated ditch; these features are
considered to be landscaping additions dating from the late 18th or early 19th
centuries.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two bowl barrows on Colaton Raleigh Common either side of the B3180
survive well as distinct and high mounds in association with a number of other
recorded barrows in the vicinity. Both barrows will retain archaeological
information about their construction and the region in which they were set,
and both have evidence for their modification as part of landscaping work in
the post-medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Brighouse, U W, Woodbury: A View from the Beacon, (1981), 40-1
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Watkin, H R, 'Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries' in Woodbury Castle, Virbegna, , Vol. 15, (1929), 156-57
Other
Probert, S A J, RCHME Field Investigation, (1990)
Probert, S A J, RCHME Field Investigation, (1990)
Quinnell, Ordnance Survey Survey, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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