Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 135m south of Waterhall Cottage, Wickham Street

A Scheduled Monument in Denston, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1548 / 52°9'17"N

Longitude: 0.5701 / 0°34'12"E

OS Eastings: 575914.79711

OS Northings: 253844.259388

OS Grid: TL759538

Mapcode National: GBR PDG.T4F

Mapcode Global: VHJH5.T3RF

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 135m south of Waterhall Cottage, Wickham Street

Scheduled Date: 17 June 1980

Last Amended: 12 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018040

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31097

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Denston

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Denston St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated towards the south west corner of
a field, approximately 40m to the west of a tributary of the River Stour. It
is visible as an earthen mound, which stands to a height of about 2m and
covers a roughly circular area measuring about 22m in diameter. It is thought
that the mound is encircled by a ditch, with an estimated width of 3m, from
which earth was quarried during the construction of the barrow, and although
this has now become completely infilled and is no longer visible it will
survive as a buried feature.
The posts encircling the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although
the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 135m south of Waterhall Cottage survives well and will retain
archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and
duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during
that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and in
the fills of the buried ditch.

Source: Historic England

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