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A group of sixteen round barrows on Cow Down

A Scheduled Monument in Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2626 / 51°15'45"N

Longitude: -1.6725 / 1°40'20"W

OS Eastings: 422948.211218

OS Northings: 151545.491246

OS Grid: SU229515

Mapcode National: GBR 60D.XMC

Mapcode Global: VHC2G.YJPF

Entry Name: A group of sixteen round barrows on Cow Down

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 4 January 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017933

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10067

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Collingbourne Ducis

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Details

A group primarily of bowl barrows of varying size and one disc barrow. Partial
excavations in the 19th century produced primary and secondary inhumations and
cremations, suggesting the archaeologically sensitive area extends beyond the
visible mounds.
1 - A bowl barrow with a deep ditch in the north-west quadrant, and an overall
diameter of c.38m. Partial excavation in the 19th century revealed one primary
inhumation and ten secondary cremations. (SU22905147)
2 - A ditched bowl barrow, c.33m overall diameter. Partial excavation in the
19th century revealed a number of cremations. (SU22945151)
3 - A ditched bowl barrow c.28m overall diameter. Partial excavation in the
19th century revealed an empty cist. (SU22895155)
4 - A disc barrow with an overall diameter of c.46m (mound c.12m diameter,
berm c.7m wide, ditch c.5m wide, bank c.5m wide). Partial excavation in the
19th century revealed an empty cist. (SU22975157)
5 - A bowl barrow with a surrounding ditch, c.45m overall diameter. Partial
excavation in the 19th century revealed an inhumation and secondary
cremations. (SU23015154)
6 - A bowl barrow with traces of a ditch, c.31m overall diameter. The top of
the mound has been destroyed by trenching and the ditch has been damaged by
the military. Partial excavation in the 19th century revealed a number of
interments. (SU23045159)
7 - A bowl barrow c.24m overall diameter with no trace of a ditch. Partial
excavation in the 19th century revealed a number of cremations. (SU23055165)
8 - A bowl barrow c.15m overall diameter with no trace of a ditch. The barrow
now has an irregular profile. Partial excavation in the 19th century revealed
an inhumation. (SU23085169)
9 - A bowl barrow with an overall diameter c.25m and no visible ditch. Partial
excavation in the 19th century was described as "imperfect". (SU23105160)
10 - A bowl barrow, c.25m overall diameter with no trace of ditch. Partial
excavation in the 19th century revealed a cremation. (SU23155165)
11 - A low bowl or double barrow, reduced by ploughing but with a ditch just
visible. The mound is now c.22m in diameter. Original overall diameter c.28m.
Partial excavation in the 19th century was unproductive. (SU22745142)
12 - A bowl barrow reduced by ploughing but with ditch just visible. The
overall diameter is 20m. Partial excavation in the 19th century was
unproductive. (SU22785144)
13 - A bowl barrow reduced by ploughing but with traces of a ditch just
visible. The overall diameter is c.21m. This barrow is now very difficult to
see. Partial excavation in the 19th century revealed a crouched inhumation.
(SU22815145)
14 - A small bowl barrow that contained ashes and charcoal. This barrow is not
traceable on the ground. (SU22765142)
15 - A bowl or possibly a pond barrow, now not visible on the ground but c.10m
overall diameter. (SU22835149)
16 - A probable bowl barrow c.12m diameter. This mound is now badly damaged by
tracks and animals. (SU22895144)

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Some
470 round barrows, funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic and Early
Bronze Age, are known to have existed in the Salisbury Plain Training Area,
many grouped together as cemeteries. The total includes some 70 barrows of
rare types. Such is the quality of the survival of the archaeological
landscape, over 300 of these barrows have been identified as nationally
important.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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