Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow cemetery beside Seymour Road

A Scheduled Monument in South Ham, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2511 / 51°15'3"N

Longitude: -1.1252 / 1°7'30"W

OS Eastings: 461148.591797

OS Northings: 150577.392269

OS Grid: SU611505

Mapcode National: GBR 959.JBH

Mapcode Global: VHD07.GT08

Entry Name: Round barrow cemetery beside Seymour Road

Scheduled Date: 11 January 1961

Last Amended: 18 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017907

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31170

County: Hampshire

Electoral Ward/Division: South Ham

Built-Up Area: Basingstoke

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Basingstoke

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a round barrow cemetery situated along the brow of a
north west facing chalk slope, now occupying the site of a public green within
a housing estate off Seymour Road and Challis Close, Basingstoke. Originally
considered to be a long barrow, the monument has been reinterpreted as a row
of five confluent round barrows enclosed by a `U' shaped ditch and bordered by
four contiguous round barrows. The group of five confluent barrows now
survives as a long, low mound, approximately 40m long by a maximum 24m wide,
standing up to 0.8m high. The tops of four of the confluent barrows are
visible along the crest of the mound; the fifth appears to underlie and extend
east of the paved footpath which now crosses the monument. No trace is
visible of the `U' shaped ditch or the four contiguous round barrows, though
the ditch and other remains are likely to survive as buried features.
The paved footpath that crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow cemetery beside Seymour Road survives comparatively well
despite some later disturbance and can be expected to retain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed. It now provides a conspicuous and well used
public amenity within Basingstoke and has been the subject of an aerial
photographs analysed by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of
England.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), xxxiii
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 198

Source: Historic England

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