Ancient Monuments

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A cairn cemetery on Long Ridge

A Scheduled Monument in Gidleigh, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6589 / 50°39'31"N

Longitude: -3.9199 / 3°55'11"W

OS Eastings: 264389.13779

OS Northings: 86113.135665

OS Grid: SX643861

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.DSZ5

Mapcode Global: FRA 27PB.DPB

Entry Name: A cairn cemetery on Long Ridge

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017868

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28664

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Gidleigh

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Gidleigh Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument, which falls into five areas, includes eight round cairns and a
cist situated on Long Ridge, locally known as Langridge, overlooking the
valley of the River North Teign. These mounds form a cairn cemetery situated
between two broadly contemporary stone hut circle settlements. Six of the
mounds are circular in shape, vary in diameter between 4.1m and 6m and stand
between 0.5m and 0.7m high. The remaining two mounds are oval and the largest
of these measures 6m long by 4m wide and stands up 0.7m high. One cairn
contains a cist which measures 0.83m square by up to 0.47m deep. The capstone,
which once covered the cist, now lies 0.7m NNW of the cist. At least three of
the cairns are partly surrounded by edge set stones indicating the presence of
kerbs.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

The cairn cemetery on Long Ridge survives well and contains archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. It provides a valuable insight into Bronze Age funerary and
ritual activity as well as territorial control on the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Other
MPP Fieldwork by S.Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1997)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NE15, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW14, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW15, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW64, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW65, (1991)

Source: Historic England

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