Ancient Monuments

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Bell barrow 420m north west of Park Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Euston, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3634 / 52°21'48"N

Longitude: 0.7984 / 0°47'54"E

OS Eastings: 590635.072231

OS Northings: 277614.737651

OS Grid: TL906776

Mapcode National: GBR RDW.YF2

Mapcode Global: VHKCL.SVGL

Entry Name: Bell barrow 420m north west of Park Farm

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017792

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31090

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Euston

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Euston St Genevieve

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow, situated on the crest of the east bank,
overlooking the floodplain of The Black Bourn river. The barrow is visible as
a roughly circular earthen mound, which stands to a height of approximately
1m. The barrow mound is 12m in diameter and is surrounded by a berm up to 15m
wide and a ditch. The partly infilled ditch, from which earth was dug and used
in the construction of the mound, is visible as a hollow in the ground surface
on the north and west sides, where it is approximately 6m wide and remains
open to a depth of 0.5m. The ditch will survive elsewhere as a buried
feature. The barrow, including the ditch and berm is 54m in diameter overall.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

The bell barrow to the north west of Park Farm is of an unusual form with a
small mound in relation to the large berm. It survives well and will retain
archaeological imformation concerning its construction and the manner and
duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during
that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and in
the fill of the ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a number of other
barrows in this part of the Breckland region give it additional interest.
Together, these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and
density of the prehistoric population in this area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Phillips, A S, Ordnance Survey Card TL 97 NW 3, (1962)

Source: Historic England

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