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Timber circle 430m north east of Stoke Fields Farm

A Scheduled Monument in East Stoke, Nottinghamshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0302 / 53°1'48"N

Longitude: -0.8577 / 0°51'27"W

OS Eastings: 476707.145534

OS Northings: 348711.002174

OS Grid: SK767487

Mapcode National: GBR BKV.004

Mapcode Global: WHFHV.S3S9

Entry Name: Timber circle 430m north east of Stoke Fields Farm

Scheduled Date: 29 January 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017745

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29909

County: Nottinghamshire

Civil Parish: East Stoke

Traditional County: Nottinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Nottinghamshire

Church of England Parish: East Stoke

Church of England Diocese: Southwell and Nottingham

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of a timber circle situated 430m
north east of Stoke Fields Farm. The site is visible from aerial photographs
and shows as a sub-circular enclosure defined by two concentric rings of pits.
The inner circle is made up of approximately 62 pits and measures up to 73m in
diameter. It is difficult to determine the number of posts comprising the
outer circle but it measures approximately 90m in diameter. An interruption in
both circles of pits to the south of the monument is defined by two larger
pits either side and is interpreted as an entrance. Another entrance is
apparent in the north east segment of the circle. Several other pits within
and beyond the circle to the east are an integral part of the monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Timber circles are the remains of large communal buildings used as meeting
places or ceremonial centres during the Late Neolithic period (2000-1800 BC).
They are generally round or oval in plan and constructed using two or more
concentric rings of substantial timber uprights which were either free-
standing or acted as roof supports. Each ring may contain between 6 and 60
individual posts, the number being related to the diameter of the ring.
Entrances were provided through the posthole rings and are generally marked by
wider than average postholes either side of the gap. Associated features can
include additional postholes within and outside the circle, floor surfaces and
grave pits. Finds from the postholes and the interiors of the timber circles
provide important evidence on the chronological development of these sites,
the activities carried out within them and the type of environment in which
they were constructed.
Timber circles survive as arrangements of postholes, buried features best seen
from the air, and consequently sites are generally identified from aerial
photography as discrete monuments or as components of henges and henge
enclosures. Examples in England are found widely scattered around central and
southern counties, with a small number recorded in Wales and Scotland. Dorset
and Wiltshire provide the focus of distribution for those associated with
henges and henge enclosures, while discrete examples are extremely rare. Less
than 50 examples of timber circles have been identified. In view of their
rarity and importance as one of the few types of identified Neolithic
structures all examples are identified to be nationally important.

The timber circle at East Stoke is a unique example of this type of monument
in Nottinghamshire. The clarity of the crop mark shown on the aerial
photograph is a direct reflection of the good level of survival.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
St Joseph JK, EF 60-61,
Title: RCHME National Mapping Programme Plot
Source Date:
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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