Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 430m north west of Northdown Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Stratford Toney, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.0523 / 51°3'8"N

Longitude: -1.8538 / 1°51'13"W

OS Eastings: 410344.941574

OS Northings: 128118.278897

OS Grid: SU103281

Mapcode National: GBR 401.S65

Mapcode Global: FRA 760B.MLR

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 430m north west of Northdown Barn

Scheduled Date: 16 October 1955

Last Amended: 19 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017705

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26835

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Stratford Toney

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Coombe Bisset with Homington St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow, lying on the crest of Netherhampton Down
430m north west of Northdown Barn.
The barrow has a mound approximately 26m in diameter which, despite erosion by
cultivation, survives to a maximum height of 0.4m. The mound is surrounded by
a ditch from which material for its construction was quarried. This is no
longer visible on the surface but will survive as a buried feature 3m wide.
In 1803 the barrow was partly excavated by William Cunnington who found that
it had been opened previously; he discovered two fragmentary skeletons,
possibly of Saxon date, close to the top of the mound.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 400m north west of Northdown Barn is, despite erosion caused
by cultivation, a comparatively well preserved example of its class. Part
excavation has shown the barrow will contain archaeological remains providing
information about Bronze Age and possibly Saxon beliefs, economy and

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, The Ancient History of Wiltshire: Volume I, (1812)

Source: Historic England

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