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Three bowl barrows forming part of Bratley Plain round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Ellingham, Harbridge and Ibsley, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.88 / 50°52'48"N

Longitude: -1.6924 / 1°41'32"W

OS Eastings: 421733.056729

OS Northings: 108991.254176

OS Grid: SU217089

Mapcode National: GBR 53P.QYG

Mapcode Global: FRA 76BS.4GY

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows forming part of Bratley Plain round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017572

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20319

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Ellingham, Harbridge and Ibsley

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes three bowl barrows forming part of Bratley Plain round
barrow cemetery situated on lowland heath overlooking Backley Bottom. The two
southern barrow mounds both measure 6m in diameter and stand up to 0.2m high.
The northern mound measures 5m in diameter and is 0.2m high. Although no
longer visible at ground level, ditches, from which material was quarried
during the construction of the barrows, surround each mound. These have
become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The Bratley Plain round barrow cemetery contains a significantly large number
of small undisturbed barrows. The survival of so many small barrows within a
cemetery is a particularly uncommon phenomenon in southern England. Although
some of the larger mounds have been partially disturbed, all the barrows
retain undisturbed remains and the cemetery as a whole has considerable
archaeological potential. The New Forest region is known to have been
important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation and a considerable amount
of archaeological evidence has survived because of a lack of agricultural
activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and
the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

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