Ancient Monuments

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A cairn on the summit of a knoll, in the southwest corner of Scale Knoll Allotment,800m south east of Far East Hope, Barningham Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Hope, County Durham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4728 / 54°28'22"N

Longitude: -1.9298 / 1°55'47"W

OS Eastings: 404643.609387

OS Northings: 508608.71344

OS Grid: NZ046086

Mapcode National: GBR GJYQ.ZD

Mapcode Global: WHB4S.BT8Y

Entry Name: A cairn on the summit of a knoll, in the southwest corner of Scale Knoll Allotment,800m south east of Far East Hope, Barningham Moor

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017432

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30470

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Hope

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Church of England Parish: Barningham St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a cairn, 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. It is situated on
Barningham Moor, in the south west corner of the modern sheep-grazing
enclosure known as Scale Knoll Allotment. The monument is on the summit of a
knoll. An accurate National Grid Reference is NZ 04646 08608.
The cairn is composed of sandstone, the visible stones being of a maximum size
0.4m by 0.4m by 0.5m. It has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing in
the past.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the cairn 800m south east of Far East Hope has been slightly
disturbed, it retains evidence of its form and location, and forms an
important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes
numerous other cairns, carved rocks, settlements and evidence for the
agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies
of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over
time.

Source: Historic England

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