Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn, 545m ESE of Bragg House, Barningham Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Barningham, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.4823 / 54°28'56"N

Longitude: -1.8833 / 1°52'59"W

OS Eastings: 407656.211013

OS Northings: 509663.062895

OS Grid: NZ076096

Mapcode National: GBR HJ9M.20

Mapcode Global: WHC5Y.1LGP

Entry Name: Cairn, 545m ESE of Bragg House, Barningham Moor

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017420

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30486

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Barningham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Church of England Parish: Barningham St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cairn, built of stone and now grass covered. It is 10m
in diameter and 0.4m high. It is situated on Barningham Moor, on a slight rise
between a stream and the wall of Barningham Park, opposite a prehistoric
enclosure on Brown Hill.
The cairn has been robbed for walling stone, leaving an irregular circular
bank. Buried archaeological remains, however, will survive intact.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The cairn, 545m ESE of Bragg House has been disturbed, but it retains evidence
of its form and location and it should retain buried archaeological deposits
which will contribute to our knowledge of prehistoric burial practices. It
forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which
includes numerous prehistoric carved rocks and evidence for prehistoric
burials, settlements and the agricultural use of the land. This site will
therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the
changing patterns of land use over time.

Source: Historic England


Cairns on Barningham Moor, Laurie, T, (1997)

Source: Historic England

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