Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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A cairn on a knoll east of Woodclose Gill, in Scale Knoll Allotment, 785m north east of Black Hill Gate

A Scheduled Monument in Hope, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.4755 / 54°28'31"N

Longitude: -1.9259 / 1°55'33"W

OS Eastings: 404895.540562

OS Northings: 508904.650791

OS Grid: NZ048089

Mapcode National: GBR GJZP.TF

Mapcode Global: WHB4S.DR3W

Entry Name: A cairn on a knoll east of Woodclose Gill, in Scale Knoll Allotment, 785m north east of Black Hill Gate

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017414

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30465

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Hope

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Church of England Parish: Barningham St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cairn 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. It is situated on
Barningham Moor, in the modern sheep-grazing enclosure known as Scale Knoll
Allotment. The monument is on the summit of a prominent knoll east of
Woodclose Gill, south of the road from Barningham to East Hope, 785m north
east of Black Hill Gate.
The cairn has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the cairn 785m north east of Black Hill Gate has been slightly
disturbed by stone-robbing in the past, it retains evidence of its form and
location, and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of
Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks,
settlements and agricultural field systems. This site will therefore
contribute to studies of prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of
land use over time.

Source: Historic England

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