Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 680m south east of Piccadilly Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Southam, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.9053 / 51°54'19"N

Longitude: -2.0103 / 2°0'37"W

OS Eastings: 399386.92425

OS Northings: 222974.373127

OS Grid: SO993229

Mapcode National: GBR 2M7.GL7

Mapcode Global: VHB1R.3CLQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 680m south east of Piccadilly Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 February 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017339

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32358

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Southam

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Prestbury St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a hill in the
Cotswolds. The barrow mound measures 24m in diameter and is about 1.2m high.
The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was excavated during
the construction of the barrow. This ditch is no longer visible at ground
level, but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 680m south east of Piccadilly Farm survives well, with a
prominent mound, and does not appear to have been disturbed in the past. The
mound will contain evidence of primary and secondary burials, along with grave
goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and
the size of the local community at that time. The barrow mound will also
preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface,
predating the construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the
landscape in which the monument was set. The barrow mound and its surrounding
ditch will also contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains,
which will relate both to the barrow and the landscape within which it was

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 127

Source: Historic England

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